Application of Incremental Technologies in Considerations of Transhumanist Aesthetics – Project "Who nose"

Marta Flisykowska

 
   

Abstract


Transhumanist speculations have been present in intellectual circles since the 1960s. The term "transhumanism" was coined in 1957 by biologist Julian Huxley, who defined it as "man remaining man, but transcending himself by realizing new possibilities of and for his human nature". Will the boundaries of aesthetics remain untouched in face of new achievements, both in medicine and those coming from the need to explore space?

In 2017, NASA published the results of the Human Research Program. The aim was to find out more about the impact of long stays in space on the hu-man body, like manned trips to Mars. The human body will have to face new physical conditions on the Red Planet, such as lower temperatures, a less dense atmosphere, significantly higher radiation and many more. The impact of such conditions is visible and highly variable also in other organisms, including mammals that have the best sense of smell.

3D printing technology is developing continuously and already today we are able to print an ear that can be used for transplants. If this is the case, does it have to look the same? Based on the research regarding the impact of climatic conditions on the shape of noses as well as state of the art regarding such areas as mountaineering, biomimetics, plastic surgery and taking into account mental factors, the article presents original nose designs, aesthetic speculations and interpreting the above visual and formal data.


Keywords


Speculative design; 3D printing; Additive Technology; Transhuman; Design; Experiment; Plastic Surgery; Mars; Biomimetics; Cosmonautics.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Birch, P. (1992). Terraforming Mars Quickly. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 45, 331-340.

Dziemidok, B. (1988). Controversy About the Aesthetic Nature of Art. British Journal of Aesthetics, 28, 1-17.

https://doi.org/10.1093/bjaesthetics/28.1.1

Gracindo, G., & Moreno, L. (2018). Medical Ethics Code: an Analysis from Ethical-Disciplinary Cases Against Medical Professionals within the Specialty of Psychiatry. International Archives Of Medicine, 11. doi:10.3823/2552

https://doi.org/10.3823/2552

Kang, H. W., Lee, S. J., Ko, I. K., Kengla, C., Yoo, J., & Atala A. (2016). A 3D bioprinting system to produce human-scale tissue constructs with structural integrity. Nature Biotechnology, 34(3). doi: 10.1038/nbt.3413

https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3413

Kitzinger, E. (1977). Byzantine Art in the Making: Main Lines of Stylistic Development in Mediterranean Art, 3rd-7th Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Little, A. C., Jones, B. C., & DeBruine, L. M. (2011). Facial attractiveness: evolutionary based research. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366(1571), 1638-59.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0404

McKay, C. P., & Davis, W. L. (1991). Duration of Liquid Water Habitats on Early Mars. Icarus, 90(2), 214-221.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0019-1035(91)90102-Y

Nahai F. (2015). Aesthetic Surgery Journal ushers in 2015 with all things "new". Aesthetic Surgery Journal, 35(1), 108.

https://doi.org/10.1093/asj/sju009

Reichental, A. (2018). The Future Of 3-D Printing. Forbes CommunityVoice, 23 January 2018. www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2018/01/23/the-future-of-3-d-printing/ (last access: November 2018).

Rettinger, G. (2007). Risks and complications in rhinoplasty. GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 6, Doc08.

Schwirtz, M. (2009). Staying Put On Earth, Taking a Step to Mars. The New York Times, 30 March 2009. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/31/science/space/31mars.html (last access: November 2018).

Vance, A. (2017). Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future. New York: Ecco Press.

Vanderbilt, T. (2012). How Biomimicry is Inspiring Human Innovation. Smithsonian Magazine, September 2012. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/

Voros, J. (2003). A Generic Foresight Process Framework. Foresight, 5(3), 10-21.

https://doi.org/10.1108/14636680310698379

Zaidi, A. A., Mattern, B. C., Claes, P., McEcoy, B., Hughes, C., & Shriver, M. D. (2017). Investigating the case of human nose shape and climate adapta-tion, PLoS Genetics 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007207

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007207




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7559/citarj.v10i3.568

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts
Revista de Ciência e Tecnologia das Artes
ISSN: 1646-9798
e-ISSN: 2183-0088
Portuguese Catholic University | Porto


Esta revista científica é financiada por Fundos Nacionais através da FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia


 Governo da República Portuguesa