From Abstract Art to Abstracted Artists

Romi Mikulinsky, Yanai Toister

 
   

Abstract


What lineage connects early abstract films and machine-generated YouTube videos? Hans Richter’s famous piece Rhythmus 21 is considered to be the first abstract film in the experimental tradition. The Webdriver Torso YouTube channel is composed of hundreds of thousands of machine-generated test patterns designed to check frequency signals on YouTube. This article discusses geometric abstraction vis-à-vis new vision, conceptual art and algorithmic art. It argues that the Webdriver Torso is an artistic marvel indicative of a form we call mathematical abstraction, which is art performed by computers and, quite possibly, for computers.


Keywords


Rhythmus 21; Geometrical Abstraction: Webdriver Torso; Mathematical Abstraction; László Moholy-Nagy; Sol LeWitt; Frieder Nake; Conceptual Art; Algorithmic Art.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Flusser, V. (2011a). Does Writing Have a Future? (N. A. Roth, Trans.). Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press.

https://doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816670222.001.0001

Flusser, V. (2011b). Into the Universe of Technical Images (N. A. Roth, Trans.). Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press.

https://doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816670208.001.0001

Kaplan, L. (1993). The Telephone Paintings: Hanging up Moholy. Leonardo, 26(2), 165-168.

https://doi.org/10.2307/1575903

Kittler, F. A. (2010). Optical Media: Berlin Lectures 1999 (A. Enns, Trans.). Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Kittler, F. A. (2012). The World of the Symbolic - A World of the Machine (S. Harris, Trans.). In J. Johnston (Ed.), Literature, Media, Information Systems (pp. 130-146). London: Routledge.

LeWitt, S. (1967). Paragraphs on Conceptual Art. Art Forum, 79-83.

Manovich, L. (2007). Abstraction and Complexity. In O. Grau (Ed.), MediaArtHistories (pp. 339-354). Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

Michaud, P. A. (2013). Abstraction. October, 143.

Moholy-Nagy, L. (1947). The New Vision and Abstract of an Artist. New York: Wittenborn.

Nake, F. (2010). Paragraphs on Computer Art, Past and Present. Paper presented at the 'Ideas Before Their Time: Connecting Past and Present in Computer Art' conference, London.

Richter, H. (1921). Rhythmus 21.

Rothstein, A., June 22, 2014). Webdriver Torso. The State.

Rubinstein, D., & Sluis, K. (2013). Notes on the Margins of Metadata: Concerning the Undecidability of the Digital Image. Photographies, 6(1), 151-158.

https://doi.org/10.1080/17540763.2013.788848

Taylor, G. D. (2014). When the Machine Made Art: The Troubled History of Computer Art. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Webdriver Torso YouTube channel. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsLiV4WJfkTEHH0b9PmRklw/videos




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7559/citarj.v8i1.219

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts
Revista de Ciência e Tecnologia das Artes
ISSN: 1646-9798
e-ISSN: 2183-0088
Portuguese Catholic University | Porto


Esta revista científica é financiada por Fundos Nacionais através da FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia


 Governo da República Portuguesa