The Ethical Tension Between Artistic Expression and Historical Representation in Documentary Making: The Filmmaker’s Mediation with Reality

Carlos Ruiz Carmona

 
   

Abstract


This article emerges from the assumption that representing reality in documentary raises specific complex ethical issues. This is due to the fact that documenting an event partly results from the filmmaker’s mediation with the historical world. The choices involved in this process are subjective, biased and creative. In fact, representing reality results from a particular tension established between that which I represent and how I represent it. From this tension several ethical issues with regard to the filmmaker’s mediation with reality may emerge. This paper aims to revise and confront key literature on this subject to discuss and deconstruct the process of mediation and the ethical issues involved in this process. The key questions to answer are: What role does mediation plays in representing reality? What ethical issues may emerge from this process? Do filmmakers explore “others” to satisfy their own personal needs as artists? Is it possible to control or regulate filmmakers’ mediation with reality? Can we develop a set of parameters or strategies that can be considered ethically more appropriate for representing the world?


Keywords


Documentary; representing reality; filmmakers’ mediation; informed consent; ethics in representing reality; artistic expression; narrative comprehension.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7559/citarj.v8i2.176

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Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts
Revista de Ciência e Tecnologia das Artes
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